Within the last couple of decades, there continues to be a stream of groundbreaking archeological finds that could potentially challenge the very notion of civilization and necessitate a rewriting of the historical timelines of human history. Myths passed on throughout human history are abundant with details of lost civilizations, ranging from the flood myths consistent across many religions to the tales of lost cities such as Atlantis. While the myths have captivated the imagination of many, for the most part, many have been quick to dismiss such notions as fantastical, and oftentimes individuals ascribing to such theories, labeled amongst the scientific community as outliers. While recent finds are controversial and being hotly debated, as the evidence continues to surmount, it is forcing many within the archeological community to take a much closer inspection of the discoveries.

The general consensus amongst the scientific community indicated pre-pottery Neolithic age otherwise known as The Stone Age, being dated around 10,000 BCE.  Around 7,000 BCE, during the pottery Neolithic Age, widespread use of tools began, and then prompted humanity towards the first inclinations of what may have been considered, cultures, rising towards the first signs of civilization within the Mesopotamia region otherwise historically coined, the cradle of civilization. 5,000-1,750 BCE is generally credited with the rise of Sumerian civilization, and it is also thought the invention of the wheel occurred during this period of civilization, with a general consensus of this occurring around 3500 BCE. It’s considered Mesopotamia included a collection of many cultures with language, and religion bonding them together. Mesopotamia additionally is credited with the evolution of philosophy, in addition to many stories surrounding gods, such as creation myths, flood myths, and the fall of man.

New technologies are enabling archeologist to discover finds underwater which would have previously been out of reach. One such area of inspection remains within the Gulf of Cambay, off of the coast of India. The area of discovery was stumbled upon by chance as oceanographers were conducting a survey of pollution. Due to turbulent sea conditions, the area of research remains difficult to study, however, many archeological finds are being recovered from the seafloor in addition to utilization of sonar mapping. Initial research indicates the city to cover an area five miles long and two miles wide, predating any previously known civilization by more than 4,000 years, potentially representing a civilization of more than 9,000 years old. Given this timeline in addition to geological surveys of the seabed, it is the currently held belief this early civilization would have been submerged by the melting ice caps of the last ice age 9,000-10,000 years ago. It is quite interesting to note the correlation between the submergence of the civilization off the coast of India, in addition to the creation and flood myths of Mesopotamia.


Artifacts recovered from the seabed in the area include walled sections, pottery, human remains, sculptures, in addition to other manmade artifacts.  Conservative archeologist had remained skeptical however the surmounting evidence, in addition to new discoveries of other submerged finds across the globe, are increasingly presenting the archaeological community with a huge chronological timeline issue. Research is continually underway to shed more light on precisely what happened to these civilizations as the ice caps melted. One could surmise as the civilizations were dispersed, over time some components conglomerated in the area of Mesopotamia potentially giving a better understanding of the diverse segments represented, in addition to a better understanding of the integral components that united them. However, the tremendous timeline gap in between the rise and fall of the particular civilizations remains to be still in question.

The recent finds continue to astound the archeological community, and raise just as many questions as they answer.  Not only are discoveries arising off the coast of India, there exist research being conducted on underwater finds off the coast of Cuba, in addition to the underwater pyramids of Japan. The recent discoveries shed light on the relevance of myths in perspective of archaeology, in addition to the importance of objective observation.  This is part one of a continual series that will be presented, reviewing recent archeological discoveries, and examining the relevance both in terms of an analyzation of civilization timelines, as well as what insight might be gained from factors that contribute to the rise and fall of the hitherto mentioned.